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Memory An Old Friend (忆故人, Yi Gu Ren, 古琴)

Memory An Old Friend (忆故人, Yi Gu Ren, 古琴) is fairly a recent composition during the early part of the last century. However, the theme  it conveys is an ancient one, that of the sadness of missing a friend who was sent away in exile.  The piece from the “Shen Qi  Mi  Pu” 【神竒秘谱】 (1425) collection called “ Shan Zhong  Si You Ren”《山中思友人》 (‘Thinking of a friend in the mountains’) .

For the Xiao( 箫)  version of  Memory An Old Friend (忆故人) you  can enjoy it here: Memory An Old Friend (忆故人, Yi Gu Ren, Xiao, 箫)

Length: 8’42”

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Memory An Old Friend (忆故人, Yi Gu Ren, 古琴) MP3 download link (right click, save link as):Memory An Old Friend (忆故人, Yi Gu Ren, 古琴)MP3

古琴曲《忆故人》又名《山中思故人》、《空山忆故人》,曲谱最早载于清咸丰年间流传于蜀地的《荻灰馆琴谱》。据原谱解题,此曲「传为蔡中郎(东汉蔡邕)作」。曲调委婉深情,表现了空山月下徘徊沉吟,思念故人之情。

全曲共六段。开头和结尾都用清澈透明的泛音和跌宕灵巧的散板。中间主体部分是对同一旋律的变奏,变化微妙而又相互有机统一。

第一段以清亮飘逸的泛音开头,造成空山幽谷一片宁静的气氛,泛音停止后,思绪随着起伏跌宕的音调而展开。

第二段,音乐开始上板。缓慢而规整的节奏,缠绵悱恻的曲调,绵延不断的琴音,使人感到情真意切。

第三、四段,旋律移向高音区,并由单音旋律转而采用空弦,低音作和音衬托。在旋律层层推进后,又连续下行,表现了思绪翻滚,心潮起落,使思念故人之情达到高潮。二、三、四段都以固定终止型结束,有辗转反侧,「剪不断,理还乱」之感。

第五段再现第二段曲调,情绪渐趋平静。

第六段低音区跌宕的节奏和尾声半部分激动的泛音曲调,又掀起一次感情的波澜,有欲伏先扬之妙。

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