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Three Variations On the Plum (梅花三弄, Mei Hua San Nong, Guqin, 古琴)

Three Variations On the Plum (梅花三弄, Mei  Hua  San Nong,  Guqin, 古琴)  made  its earliest appearance in the handbook Shen Qi Mi Pu(神奇秘譜)(preface dated 1425).  Also called Mei-Hua-Yin(梅花引)or Yu-Fei-Yin(玉妃引.  It was originally a flute piece composed by Huan Yi(桓伊)who lived during the Eastern Jin dynasty (317-420).  As the story goes,  Huan Yi  played this tune for Wang Huizhi(王徽之), who was the son of the great  calligrapher Wang Xizhi(王羲之)(307-365),  when they happened to meet on the road. During the Tang dynasty (618-907), Yan Shigu(颜師古)rearranged it as a piece for the guqin.

Length: 7’12”

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梅花三弄:古琴曲。又名《梅花引》、《玉妃引》,是中国传统艺术中表现梅花的佳作。《神奇秘谱》记载此曲最早是东晋桓伊所奏的笛曲。

桓伊还是一位出色的音乐家。《晋书》中称他“善音乐,尽一时之妙,为江左第一。”桓伊尤擅长吹笛,有一次,王徽之(我国著名书法家王羲之的儿子)在路上偶而遇见桓伊,因久慕桓伊大名,便请他吹奏一曲。桓伊为人谦逊,当时虽已显贵,两人又素不相识,仍下车为王徽之吹奏了一支曲子,这首乐曲据传就是著名的《梅花三弄》。到了唐代,相传琴人颜师古将《梅花三弄》改编为同名琴曲,从此这首乐曲便在古琴音乐中保存下来。

琴曲《梅花三弄》全曲表现了梅花洁白,傲雪凌霜的高尚品性,并借物咏怀,通过梅花的洁白、芬芳和耐寒等特征,来赞颂具有高尚节操的人。
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